Al-Haram Mosque in Makkah The Prophet's Mosque in Madinah . Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound in Jerusalem



Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity


By Hassan Ali El-Najjar


Table of Contents


I. Introduction: Basic Information


1. Islam: A Brief Introduction


2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan 


3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity 


4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an


5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth


6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise

Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?  


8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings  


9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 


10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an  


II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure


1. Islamic Proclamation of Faith


2. Performing Islamic Prayers


3. Giving Zakat, Charity, The Third Islamic Duty


4. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims


5. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam


III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar


1. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran 


2. Angels


3. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran  


4. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran


5. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran


6. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran  


7. Muhammed in the Holy Quran


8. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj


9. Latter Day (Day of Resurrection)


10. Qada and Qadar: God's  Decree and Estimate of Provision


IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in Speech and Deeds


1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran


2. The No (La) Commands


3. The Imperative Commands 




Articles with Islamic Perspective:


Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective


"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture


Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews


Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings  


Are Muslim women second-class citizens  


The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with


Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010


Links to Islamic Topics 2007


Links to Islamic topics 2006


Links to Islamic topics 2005


Links to Islamic topics 2004


Links to Islamic topics, 2003


2002 Links to Islamic topics







God's Message of Guidance to Humanity




Haj, Pilgrimage:


The Fifth Pillar of Islam


By Hassan Ali El-Najjar


25th of Dhul Hijja, 1435, 19th of October, 2014


Updated on 26th of Rajab, 1438 - 22nd of April, 2017






الرُّكْنُ الخَامِسُ فِي الإسْلَامِ


بقلم حسن علي النجار


الخامس والعشرون من ذي الحجة 1435 - التاسع عشر من أكتوبر 20124


تمت مراجعة هذا الفصل في السادس والعشرين من رجب 1438 - الثاني والعشرين من إبريل 2017




أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


I seek refuge with Allah from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful





A Muslim is required to perform five basic 'Ibadat, or ways of worship, or obligations. They are considered the five pillars of the structure of Islam, which include the proclamation of faith, prayers, giving charity (zakat), fasting the month of Ramadhan, and making Haj, pilgrimage.


The Haj, pilgrimage to the House of Allah in Makkah, Al-Ka'aba, is the climax of being a Muslim. It is a personal journey for God first but it gives great satisfaction to the Haaj (pilgrim), as he/she leaves everything in this life behind when starting the journey. The pilgrimage to Makkah is also a worldwide conference of Muslims, where they meet there representing all nations, racial groups, and ethnic divisions. They are instructed by Allah to be loving, caring, and tolerant of each other, as well as praising Him for His countless benefits and bounties they have been enjoying.


A Muslim has to go to Makkah (Mecca) in a pilgrimage, Haj, at least once in one’s lifetime, if one is capable to do that physically and financially. This is a visit to the first House of God on Earth. It is now in Saudi Arabia. There, several million Muslims gather every year, responding to God's call, confirming their faith, and remembering the story of the Messenger of Allah Ibrahim (Abraham), peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, when he left his son, Isma'il, and his wife Hajar (Hagger), over there.


In particular, pilgrims remember the story of the slaughter and sacrifice. As Ismail grew older, Ibrahim came to slaughter him in obedience to God. It was a test for the three of them. They passed the test by expressing obedience to God and disobedience to the Shaytan (Satan) by throwing stones at him.


As Ibrahim put his knife on Isma'l's neck, the Angel Jibril (Gabriel) came with the good news that they passed the test and Ibrahim was given a sheep to slaughter instead. 


Then, Ibrahim and Isma'il rebuilt Al-Ka'aba, the Cubic House of the Lord, the most sacred place of worship for Muslims, to which direction they face in their prayers. Pilgrims perform rituals resembling various parts of the story, as well as orbiting the Ka'aba and worshipping on the sacred places of Mina, Arafat, and Muzdalifa. [1]



Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Islamic Way of Worship, 'Ibada  


Allah, praise to Him, mentions in the Holy Quran that he has created humans and Jinnis for the sole purpose of worshipping Him. But when you think about these five ways of worshipping Allah, praise to Him, you find that all of them have direct benefits to the worshippers, making them good persons, in good families, living in good communities, and good societies, in body and soul.


Thus, Allah, praise to Him, wants us to follow His commands for our own good, as He is in no need for us or for our worship of Him. But he rejoices that we attempt to be better persons and better societies by worshipping him and following His commands by choice, as He said in verses 56-58 of Surat Al-Dhariyat (Chapter 51) of the Holy Quran.



وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ ﴿٥٦


مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ ﴿٥٧


إِنَّ اللَّـهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ ﴿٥٨  (الذاريات ، 51: 56-58).


And I have not created the Jinnis and humans except to worship Me. (56)


I do not want from them any provision, nor do I want them to feed Me. (57)


Indeed, it is Allah who is the Provider, the One With Power, the Strong. (58) (Al-Dhariyat, 51: 56-58).



We also read the same meaning in verse 37 of Surat Al-'Haj (Chapter 22), and verse 6 of Surat Al-'Ankaboot (Chapter 6) of the Holy Quran, which state:



لَن يَنَالَ اللَّـهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَـٰكِن يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَىٰ مِنكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ سَخَّرَهَا لَكُمْ لِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿الحج ، 22: 37.



Allah does not get their flesh and their blood (the sacrificed animals), but He gets your piety (righteousness). Thus, He has made them subjected to you, so you may glorify Allah that He has guided you. And give good tidings (O Muhammad) to the good doers (Al-'Hajj, 22: 37).


وَمَن جَاهَدَ فَإِنَّمَا يُجَاهِدُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَغَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٦  (العنكبوت ، 29: 6).


And whosoever strives, (he) strives for himself, for Allah is in no need of (His creatures inhabiting) the Worlds (Al-Ankabout, 29: 6).



Verses About Haj, Pilgrimage, as a Mandated Worship


Verses 96-97 of Surat Al-'Imran (Chapter 3) of the Holy Quran include God's command to Muslims to make the pilgrimage to His First House on Earth, in Makkah:



إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٩٦


فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّـهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٩٧﴾  (آل عمران ، 3: 96-97).



The First House (of worship) appointed for humankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), a blessed place, and guidance to the worlds (96)


Wherein, (there) are clear signs (of Allah's guidance), the place where Ibrahim (Abraham) stood up (to pray), and whosoever enters it is safe. And pilgrimage to the House is a duty on people for Allah, on whoever can find a way (to make it). As for whoever disbelieves, (let him know that) Allah is in no need of (His creatures inhabiting) the worlds. (97) (Al-Imran, 3: 96-97).


Verses 26-29 of Surat Al-'Haj (Chapter 22) of the Holy Quran mention that the Haj, pilgrimage, was  also ordained on Ibrahim, who was commanded to call on people to make the pilgrimage, to worship Allah and to benefit from the bounties of Haj. 



وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ ﴿٢٦


وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ ﴿٢٧


لِّيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّـهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَىٰ مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ ۖ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ ﴿٢٨


ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُوا تَفَثَهُمْ وَلْيُوفُوا نُذُورَهُمْ وَلْيَطَّوَّفُوا بِالْبَيْتِ الْعَتِيقِ ﴿٢٩ (الحج ، 22: 26-29).


And (mention, O Muhammad), when We designated for Ibrahim the site of the House, (saying), "Do not associate anything with Me," and purify My House for those who circumambulate it (perform Tawaf by orbiting it), and those who stand, bow, and prostrate (in prayer). (26)


And announce to the people (to come to) the Hajj (pilgrimage), they will come to you on foot, and on every lean camel, they will come from every distant road - (27)


That they may witness benefits for themselves, and mention the name of Allah during known days, for what He has provided for them of (sacrificial) animals. So, eat from them, and feed the miserable poor. (28)


Then, let them end their (i'hram ritual) restrictions, fulfill their vows, and circumambulate (perform Tawaf) around the Shielded (and First) House (Al-Ka'aba)." (29) (Al-Haj, 22: 26-29).


In explaining verse 28 of Surat Al-Haj (Chapter 22), Ibn Katheer mentions, in one interpretation, that Muslims generally, and pilgrims in particular, should increase mentioning the name of Allah and glorifying Him during the ten days of Dhul 'Hijja. In another interpretation, the "known" days start when pilgrims stand on Arafat Mountain area and continue until the third day after Eid.


Concerning the animals sacrificed during the Haj, pilgrimage, Ibn Katheer mentions that the major objective is feeding the people. This includes the pilgrims themselves, other people, and the poor. The verses allow distribution of the sacrificed animal meat in any way we can.


A pilgrim can give all of it to the poor, or give half of it to them, as stated in 22: 28, or keep one-third of it, give one-third to the needy who do not ask, and one-third to the needy who ask, as stated in 22: 36.


In explaining verse 29 of Surat Al-Haj (Chapter 22), Ibn Katheer mentions that ending i'hram restrictions include, shaving, cutting nails, and putting regular clothes. This is what the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him (pbbuh), did when he came out from Arafat and Muzdalifa. Then, he went to Al-Ka'aba, to perform ifadha tawaf (circumambulation or orbiting) around Al-Ka'aba, which has been described in this verse as the " 'Ateeq" House of Allah.


Ibn Katheer explained the word 'Ateeq as the one that which has been shielded or saved from the rule of the tyrants. However, it is noteworthy that most translators translated the word "Ateeq" describing the House of God, as ancient, using the common Arabic meaning of the word, as it was the First House of worship on Earth.



Haj, Pilgrimage: Manners


In Verses 197-202 of Surat Al-Baqara (Chapter 2) of the Holy Quran, Allah, praise to Him, has commanded pilgrims to be polite with each other, avoid arguments, be righteous, do good deeds, remember Him and mention His name, ask for His forgiveness, and call on Him to give them the best, in this life and the best in the Hereafter. 



الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ ۚ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ ۗ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّـهُ ۗ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَىٰ ۚ وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ﴿١٩٧﴾ 


لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُوا فَضْلًا مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ ۚ فَإِذَا أَفَضْتُم مِّنْ عَرَفَاتٍ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّـهَ عِندَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ ۖ وَاذْكُرُوهُ كَمَا هَدَاكُمْ وَإِن كُنتُم مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الضَّالِّينَ ﴿١٩٨


ثُمَّ أَفِيضُوا مِنْ حَيْثُ أَفَاضَ النَّاسُ وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا اللَّـهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿١٩٩


فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُم مَّنَاسِكَكُمْ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّـهَ كَذِكْرِكُمْ آبَاءَكُمْ أَوْ أَشَدَّ ذِكْرًا ۗ فَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَمَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنْ خَلَاقٍ ﴿٢٠٠


وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ ﴿٢٠١﴾أ


أولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ نَصِيبٌ مِّمَّا كَسَبُوا ۚ وَاللَّـهُ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ ﴿٢٠٢﴾  (البقرة ، 197-202).



Hajj is (during) well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein (by entering the state of ihram), there is (to be for him) no sexual activity, no disobedience, and no disputing during the Haj. And whatever good you do, Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is piety (righteousness). And be pious to Me, O you the ones with minds (reasoning). (197)


There is no blame upon you for seeking bounty from your Lord (during Haj) but when you depart from 'Arafat, mention the name of Allah at Al-Mash'ar Al-Haram. And remember Him, as He has guided you, for indeed, you were before that (before Islam) among those astray. (198)


Then depart from the place from where the people depart and ask forgiveness of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. (199)


And when you have completed your rites, mention the name of Allah and remember Him like your remembrance of your fathers or with (much) greater remembrance. And among the people is he who says, "Our Lord, give us in this world," and he will have in the Hereafter no share. (200)


But among them is he who says, "Our Lord, give us good life in this world and good life in the Hereafter, and protect us from the punishment of the Fire." (201)


Those will have a share of what they have earned, and Allah is swift in account (202) (Al-Baqara, 2: 197-202).



The Prophet's Farewell Address (Khutbat Al-Wada'), During his Pilgrimage


Prophet Muhammed, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him (pbbuh), in giving his farewell address (Khutba) on the Mountain of Arafat, during his pilgrimage, gave us guidance and several pieces of advice. The Khutba also included Verse 3 of Surat Al-Maeda, which has announced:



الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  (المائدة ، 5: 3).


This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favor upon you, and approved for you Islam, as your religion (Al-Maeda, 5: 3).



Excerpt from the Prophet's Farewell Address (Khutbat Al-Wada'): [2]



أيها الناس ، إن دماءكم وأموالكم عليكم حرام.


وإنكم ستلقون ربكم فيسألكم عن أعمالكم ، وقد بلغت ،


فمن كان عنده أمانة فليؤدها إلى من ائتمنه عليها.


وإن كل ربا موضوع ، ولكن لكم رءوس أموالكم لا تَظلمون ولا تُظلمون .


فإن الشيطان قد يئس من أن يعبد بأرضكم هذه أبدا ، ولكنه إن يطع فيما سوى ذلك فقد رضي به بما تحقرون من أعمالكم ، فاحذروه على دينكم.


فإن لكم على نسائكم حقا ، ولهن عليكم حقا ، واستوصوا بالنساء خيرا ،


وقد تركت فيكم ما إن اعتصمتم به فلن تضلوا أبدا ، أمرا بينا ، كتاب الله وسنة نبيه.



O Humankind!


Human life and people's wealth should be protected (shedding blood and stealing are prohibited).


You will meet your Lord, and He will ask you about your deeds in this life. I have delivered the message.


Fulfill your responsibilities in the things you are entrusted with.


Usury (multiplied and exploitative interest rate) is prohibited.


The Shaytan (Satan) is hopeless that you may worship him in this land of yours forever, but he is content with your small misdeeds, don't obey him in that.


Men and women have rights (and obligations) towards each other (that they need to observe). Women should receive good treatment from men.


I left with you the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet. As long as you follow them, you will never be lost.



Haj Rituals and Eidul Adha


While pilgrims perform their Haj rituals in Makkah, Muslims around the world gather in Mosques on the tenth day of Dhul Hijja to celebrate the climax of the pilgrimage, Eidul Ad'ha. They exalt Allah and glorify Him, singing the Takbeer hymn in Arabic. It's the annual Islamic celebration commemorating the story of the sacrifice and the completion of God's Message to humanity.  [3]


In Makkah, pilgrims perform various rituals of Haj, which start with greeting Al-Ka'aba with Tawaf Al-Qudoom and Sa'ai, followed by camping in the lands of Mina, Arafat, and Muzdalifa, then making Tawaf Al-Ifadha, finally throwing stones on the location where Shaytan (Satan) tried to dissuade Ibrahim, his son, and his wife from obedience to Allah. See more detailed Haj rituals below. [4] 







[1] The Haj, pilgrimage, can be watched in many videos in the internet, such as:



[2] The full text of the Prophet's Farewell Address (Khutbat Al-Wada'), as narrated by Ibn Iss'haq, as mentioned in Seerat Ibn Hisham, is as follows:



 " أيها الناس ، اسمعوا قولي ، فإني لا أدري لعلي لا ألقاكم بعد عامي هذا ، بهذا الموقف أبدا !


أيها الناس ، إن دماءكم وأموالكم عليكم حرام إلى أن تلقوا ربكم ، كحرمة يومكم هذا ، وكحرمة شهركم هذا.


وإنكم ستلقون ربكم فيسألكم عن أعمالكم وقد بلغت ، فمن كان عنده أمانة فليؤدها إلى من ائتمنه عليها.


وإن كل ربا موضوع ، ولكن لكم رءوس أموالكم ، لا تظلمون ولا تظلمون . قضى الله أنه لا ربا ، وإن ربا عباس بن عبد المطلب موضوع كله.


وأن كل دم كان في الجاهلية موضوع ، وإن أول دمائكم أضع دم ابن ربيعة بن الحارث بن عبد المطلب ، وكان مسترضعا في بني ليث فقتلته هذيل فهو أول ما أبدأ به من دماء الجاهلية.


أما بعد أيها الناس ، فإن الشيطان قد يئس من أن يعبد بأرضكم هذه أبدا ، ولكنه إن يطع فيما سوى ذلك فقد رضي به بما تحقرون من أعمالكم ، فاحذروه على دينكم.


أيها الناس إن النسيء زيادة في الكفر ، يضل به الذين كفروا ، يحلونه عاما ويحرمونه عاما ، ليواطئوا عدة ما حرم الله فيحلوا ما حرم الله ويحرموا ما أحل الله.


إن الزمان قد استدار كهيئته يوم خلق الله السموات والأرض ، وإن عدة الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا ، منها أربعة حرم ثلاثة متوالية ورجب مضر ، الذي بين جمادى وشعبان.


أما بعد أيها الناس ، فإن لكم على نسائكم حقا ، ولهن عليكم حقا ، لكم عليهن أن لا يوطئن فرشكم أحدا تكرهونه ، وعليهن أن لا يأتين بفاحشة مبينة فإن فعلن فإن الله قد أذن لكم أن تهجروهن في المضاجع وتضربوهن ضربا غير مبرح ، فإن انتهين فلهن رزقهن وكسوتهن بالمعروف ، واستوصوا بالنساء خيرا ، فإنهن عندكم عوان لا يملكن لأنفسهن شيئا ، وإنكم إنما أخذتموهن بأمانة الله واستحللتم فروجهن بكلمات الله ، فاعقلوا أيها الناس قولي ، فإني قد بلغت.


وقد تركت فيكم ما إن اعتصمتم به فلن تضلوا أبدا ، أمرا بينا ، كتاب الله وسنة نبيه.


أيها الناس اسمعوا قولي واعقلوه ، تعلمن أن كل مسلم أخ للمسلم ، وأن المسلمين إخوة ، فلا يحل لامرئ من أخيه إلا ما أعطاه عن طيب نفس منه ، فلا تظلمن أنفسكم.


اللهم هل بلغت ؟


فذكر الناس: اللهم نعم.


فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: اللهم اشهد."


المصدر: رواية ابن اسحق ، كما وردت في سيرة ابن هشام ، المنشورة في موقع المكتبة الإسلامية:



[3] Takbeer of Eid (Exalting Allah in Eid before Khutba):


While pilgrims perform their Haj rituals in Makkah, Muslims around the world gather in Mosques on the tenth day of Dhul Hijja to celebrate the climax of the pilgrimage, Eidul Ad'ha. They exalt Allah and glorify Him, singing the following hymn in Arabic (which is also sung in Eidul Fitr): 


الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، الله أكبر

لا إله إلا الله


الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، الله أكبر

ولله الحمد


اللهُ أكبرُ كبيرا ، والحمدُ للهِ كثيرا

وسبحانَ اللهِ بكرةً وأصيلا


اللهمَّ صلِّي على سيدنا محمد ، وعلى آلِ سيدنا محمد

وعلى أزواجِ سيدنا محمد ، وعلى أصحابِ سيدنا محمد

وعلى ذريةِ سيدنا محمدٍ ، وسلم تسليماَ كثيرا


لا إلهَ إلا الله ، ولا نعبدُ إلا إياه ، مخلصينَ لهُ الدينَ ، ولو كرهَ الكافرون

لا إلهَ إلا الله وحده ، نصرَ عبده ، وأعزَّ جنده ، وهزمَ الأحزابَ وحده


الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، الله أكبر

لا إله إلا الله


الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، الله أكبر

ولله الحمد


Here's the translation and transliteration of the Eidul Ad'ha Takbeer (Hymn):



Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater. There is no other god than Him. 



Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater, and to Allah praise is due. 


Allah is Greater,


Much praise is due to Him,


Glory is His: Morning, evening, and at all times. 



O Allah, bless our Master Muhammed,


and the family of our Master Muhammed, and the


 wives of our Master Muhammed,


and the companions of our Master Muhammed,


and the offspring of our Master Muhammed,


and give them a lot of peace greetings. 


There is no other god than Allah,


and we worship nobody else but Him. 


We are devoted to His religion, even if nonbelievers hate it. 


There is no other god than Allah, the only God. 


Who supported His worshipper. 


Who gave His soldiers the upper hand. 


And defeated the parties of nonbelievers, by Himself only. 


Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater,


There is no other god but Him. 


Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater, Allah is Greater,


to Him praise is due. 


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Allah



Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa lilahil hamd


Allahu Akbaru Kabeera


Wal hamdu lilahi katheera


Wa subahana Allahi bukratan wa asseela



Allahumma salli ‘ala sayidina Muhammed,


Wa ‘ala ali sayidina Muhammed,


Wa ‘ala azwaji sayidina Muhammed,


Wa ‘ala as’habi sayidina Muhammed,


Wa ‘ala dhuriyati sayidina Muhammed,


Wa sallim tassleeman katheera


La ilaha illa Allah


Wa la na’abudu illa iyah


Mukhliseena lahu ideena wa lau karihal kafiroon


La ilaha illa Allahu wa’hdah


Nassara ‘abdah


Wa ‘azza jundah


Wa hazamal a’hzaba wa’hdah


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,


La ilaha illa Allah


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,


Wa lilahil hamd




[4] Description of Haj and Umrah:


For details about the various Haj rituals, see the following description, which is translated from the works of Al-Albaani and Ibn 'Uthaymeen, at:


Description of Haj and Umrah By Al-Albaani and Ibn Al-'Uthaymeen






About the Author and the Book:


* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Master’s degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Gaza, Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.
The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from


The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.


يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِئُوا نُورَ اللَّـهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَاللَّـهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ  (الصف ، 61: 8).  



They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8).




Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Dalton Islamic Center.